List of References

This page is a list of all the works referenced in Guilty as Charged?. Most of these are books only available in hard copy. However there are also a number of references that may be viewed online.

I should also point out that I have thoroughly read a large proportion of the books in the reference list below from cover to cover. Consequently Guilty as Charged? incorporates, and critically examines, the tenor of many of the recent substantial works on Māori/Pākehā issues (and, to some extent, more general works on indigenous/non-indigenous issues as well).




  • Ballara, A., 1998, Iwi: The Dynamics of Māori Tribal Organisation from c.1769–c.1945, Victoria University Press, Wellington.
  • Bargh, M. (ed.), 2007, Resistance: An Indigenous Response to Neoliberalism, Huia Publishers, Wellington.
  • Barlow, C., 1991, Tikanga Whakaaro: Key Concepts in Māori Culture, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • BBC News, 2008, Recognition at last for Japan’s Ainu.
  • Belgrave, M., 2005, Historical Frictions: Maori Claims and Reinvented Histories, Auckland University Press, Auckland.
  • ______, Kawharu, M. and Williams, D. (eds.), 2005, Waitangi Revisited: Perspectives on the Treaty of Waitangi, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • Belich, J., 1988, The New Zealand Wars and the Victorian Interpretation of Racial Conflict, Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, Auckland.
  • ______, 1996, Making Peoples: A History of New Zealanders: From Polynesian Settlement to the End of the Nineteenth Century, Allen Lane, The Penguin Press, Auckland.
  • ______, 2002, Paradise Reforged: A History of New Zealanders: From the 1880s to the Year 2000, Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Bell, C. and Matthewman, S. (eds.), Cultural Studies in Aotearoa New Zealand: Identity, Space and Place, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • Bennion, T., Brown, D., Thomas, R. and Toomey, E., 2005, New Zealand Land Law, Brookers, Wellington.
  • Bennett, J., 2004, A Land of Two Halves: An Accidental Tour of New Zealand, Simon and Schuster, London.
  • Bentley, T., 1999, Pakeha Maori: The extraordinary story of the Europeans who lived as Maori in early New Zealand, Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Binney, J., 2005, The Legacy of Guilt: A Life of Thomas Kendall, Bridget Williams Books, Wellington.
  • Black, J. and MacRaild, D., 2000, Studying History (2nd edition) (A Palgrave Study Guide), Palgrave, Basingstoke and New York.
  • Boast, R., 2005, Foreshore and Seabed, LexisNexis NZ, Wellington.
  • ______, Erueti, A., McPhail, D. and Smith, N., 2004, Māori Land Law (2nd edition), LexisNexis NZ, Wellington.
  • Brash, D., 2004, Nationhood: An address by Don Brash Leader of the National Party to the Orewa Rotary Club on 27 January 2004.
  • Brisbane Times, NT coast belongs to Aborigines: court, Fairfax Media.
  • British Columbia Treaty Commission, Negotiation Update.
  • Brookfield, F., 2006, Waitangi and Indigenous Rights: Revolution, Law and Legitimation (updated edition), Auckland University Press, Auckland.
  • Burgess, A., 1962, A Clockwork Orange. A modern edition may be found in the ‘Penguin Classics’ series, Penguin Books, London, 2000.
  • Byrnes, G., 2004, The Waitangi Tribunal and New Zealand History, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.


  • Catley, C., 2001, The Xenophobe’s® Guide to the Kiwis (new edition), Oval Books, London.
  • Charters, C., 2006, ‘The rights of indigenous peoples’, New Zealand Law Journal, October, pp. 335–337, LexisNexus, Wellington.
  • ______, Malezer, L. and Corpuz, V. (to appear in 2009), Indigenous Voices: The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Hart Publishing, Oxford.
  • ______ and Stavenhagen, R., (to appear in 2009), Making the Declaration Work. The Significance of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA), Copenhagen.
  • Coates, K. and McHugh, P. (eds.), 1998, Living Relationships: Kōkiri Ngātahi: The Treaty of Waitangi in the New Millennium, Victoria University Press, Wellington.
  • Colenso, W., 1890, The Authentic and Genuine History of the Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Commonwealth of Australia, National Native Title Tribunal.
  • Consedine, J., 1999, Restorative Justice: Healing the Effects of Crime (revised edition), Ploughshares Publications, Lyttleton.
  • Consedine, R. and J., 2005, Healing Our History: The Challenge of the Treaty of Waitangi (updated edition), Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Cox, L., 1993, Kotahitanga: The search for Māori Political Unity, Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • Cullen, M., 2006, The role of the Attorney-General, The New Zealand Government.


  • Department of Conservation, General Policy for National Parks.
  • ______, Settlements.
  • Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, 1990– , Ministry for Culture and Heritage.
  • The Domesday Book Online.
  • Dostoevsky, F., 1866, Crime and Punishment. A good English translation may be found in the ‘Oxford World’s Classics’ series, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995.
  • ______, (with introduction by Leatherbarrow, W.), 1992, The Idiot (World’s Classics), Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Doutré, M., 2005, The Littlewood Treaty: The True English Text of the Treaty of Waitangi Found, De Danaan Publishers, Auckland.
  • Durie, M., 1998, Te Mana, Te Kāwanatanga: The Politics of Māori Self-Determination, Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • ______, 2002, Nga Kahui Pou: Launching Māori Futures, Huia Publishers, Wellington.
  • ______, 2005, Ngā Tai Matatū: Tides of Māori Endurance, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.


  • Eckhoff, T., 1974, Justice: Its Determination and Social Significance, Rotterdam University Press, Rotterdam.
  • Editors, 1996, ‘Crown Proposals For The Settlement Of Treaty Of Waitangi Claims: Summary’, Australian Indigenous Law Reporter, AUIndigLawRpr 91, Vol.1, No.4.
  • Ell, G., 2006, The Buried Village of Te Wairoa (New Zealand Unique And Unusual, Volume Four), The Bush Press, Auckland.
  • Erueti, A. and Charters, C. (eds.), 2007, Maori Property in the Seabed and Foreshore: The Last Frontier, Victoria University Press, Wellington.


  • Fleras, A. and Elliot, J. L., 1992, The Nations Within: Aboriginal-State Relations in Canada, the United States, and New Zealand, Oxford University Press, Toronto.
  • ______ and Spoonley, P., 1999, Recalling Aotearoa: Indigenous Politics and Ethnic Relations in New Zealand, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • Freire, P., 1972, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Penguin Books, Harmondsworth.


  • Gardiner, W., 1996, Return to sender: what really happened at the fiscal envelope hui, Reed Books, Auckland.
  • ______, 2007, Haka: A Living Tradition (2nd edition), Hodder Moa Beckett Publishers, Auckland.
  • Gareis, S. and Varwick, J. (translated by Cohn, L.), 2005, The United Nations: An Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke and New York.
  • George, M., 2007, and what remains, Tawata Press, Wellington.
  • Grace, P., 1998, Baby No-Eyes, Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Graham, D., 1997, Trick or Treaty?, Institute of Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington.
  • Gray, M., 2003, ‘Māori Land as Collateral—A Problem Definition’, Te Whakahaere 1, pp. 47–63.
  • Guardian, Guardian News and Media Limited.


  • Hardy, T. Tess of the D’Urbervilles, 1891. A good modern edition may be found in the ‘Oxford World’s Classics’ series, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1988.
  • Havemann, P. (ed.), 1999, Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in Australia, Canada, & New Zealand, Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • Haywood, J., 2003, Local Government and the Treaty of Waitangi, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • ______ and Wheen, N. (eds.), 2004, The Waitangi Tribunal: Te Roopu Whakamana it e Tiriti o Waitangi, Bridget Williams Books, Wellington.
  • Hobbes, T., 1651, Leviathan or the matter, forme and power of a commonwealth ecclesiastical and civil. A modern edition of this may be found in the ‘Oxford World’s Classics’ series, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998.
  • Homer, c. 8th century BC, The Odyssey. A good English translation may be found in the ‘Oxford World’s Classics’ series, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008.
  • Howe, K., 2008, The Quest for Origins: Who First Discovered and Settled New Zealand and the Pacific Islands (2nd edition), Penguin Books, Auckland.



  • The Japan Times, 2008, Diet officially declares Ainu indigenous.
  • James, C. (ed.), 2000, Building the Constitution, Institute of Policy Studies, Victoria University, Wellington.
  • Joseph, P., 2007, Constitutional & Administrative Law (3rd edition), Brookers, Wellington.


  • Ka’ai, T., Moorfield, J., Reilly, M. and Mosely, S. (eds.), 2004, Ki Te Whaiao: An Introduction to Māori Culture and Society, Pearson Education, Auckland.
  • Kassabova, K., 1997, All roads lead to the sea, Auckland University Press, Auckland.
  • Kawharu, I., (ed.), 1989, Waitangi: Māori and Pākehā Perspectives on the Treaty of Waitangi, Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • Kawharu, M. (ed.), 2002, Whenua: Managing Our Resources, Reed Books, Auckland.
  • King, M., 1986, Death of the Rainbow Warrior, Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • ______ (ed.), 1992, Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga, Reed Books, Auckland.
  • ______, 2000, Moriori: A People Rediscovered (revised edition) Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • ______, 2001, Nga Iwi O Te Motu: 1000 Years of Maori History (revised edition), Reed Books, Auckland.
  • ______, 2003, Te Puea: A Life (new edition), Reed Books, Auckland.
  • ______, 2003, The Penguin History of New Zealand, Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • ______, 2004, Being Pakeha Now: Reflections and Recollections of a White Native (revised edition), Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Kymlicka, W., 1995, Multicultural Citizenship, Oxford University Press, New York.



  • Maaka, R. and Fleras, A., 2005, The Politics of Indigeneity: Challenging the State in Canada and Aotearoa New Zealand, Otago University Press, Dunedin.
  • McDowell, M. and Webb, D., 2006, The New Zealand Legal System: Structure and Processes (4th edition), LexisNexis NZ, Wellington.
  • McFadgen, B., 2007, Hostile Shores: Catastrophic Events in Prehistoric New Zealand and their Impact on Māori Coastal Communities, Auckland University Press, Auckland.
  • McHugh, P., 1991, The Maori Magna Carta: New Zealand Law and the Treaty of Waitangi, Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • ______, 2004, Aboriginal Societies and the Common Law: A History of Sovereignty, Status, and Self-determination, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • McNeil, K., 1989, Common Law Aboriginal Title, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Māori Language Commission/Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori, Goals of the Māori Language Commission.
  • Martin, E. and Law, J. 2006, Oxford Dictionary of Law (6th edition), Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Mead, S., 1997, Landmarks, Bridges and Visions: Aspects of Maori Culture, Victoria University Press, Wellington.
  • ______ (here referred to by his Māori first name of Hirini instead of Sidney), 2003, Tikanga Māori: Living by Māori Values, Huia Publishers, Wellington.
  • Melbourne, H., 1995, Maori Sovereignty: The Maori perspective, Hodder Moa Beckett, Auckland.
  • Metge, J., 1976, The Maoris of New Zealand: Rautahi (revised edition), Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.
  • ______, 1995, New Growth From Old: The Whānau in the Modern World, Victoria University Press, Wellington.
  • ______, 2001, Kōrero Tahi: talking together, Auckland University Press, Auckland.
  • ______ and Kinloch, P., 1978, Talking past each other: Problems in cross cultural communication, Victoria University Press, Wellington.
  • Miller, R. (ed.), 2003, New Zealand Government and Politics (3rd edition), Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • ______ (ed.), 2006, New Zealand Government and Politics (4th edition), Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • Minister for Education, 2008, ‘Official Version of Te Aho Matua o ngā Kura Kaupapa Māori and an Explanation in English’, New Zealand Gazette, Issue 32, pp. 733–746, Department of Internal Affairs, Wellington.
  • Ministry of Fisheries, Maori Customary Fisheries.
  • Moon, P., 2003, Tohunga: Hohepa Kereopa, David Ling Publishing, Auckland.
  • ______, 2005, A Tohunga’s Natural World: Plants, Gardening and Food, David Ling Publishing, Auckland.
  • Mulholland, M. and contributors, 2006, State of the Māori Nation: twenty-first-century issues in Aotearoa, Reed Books, Auckland.
  • Mulholland, R., 2001, Introduction to the New Zealand Legal System (10th edition), Butterworths, Wellington.



  • Office of Treaty Settlements.
  • ______, 2008, Four Monthly Report March–June 2008.
  • Orange, C., 1987, The Treaty of Waitangi, Allen and Unwin/Port Nicholson Press, Wellington.
  • Orbell, M., 1995, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Māori Myth and Legend, Canterbury University Press, Christchurch.
  • ______, 1996, The Natural World of the Maori (revised edition), David Bateman, Auckland.
  • Organization of American States, Member states.
  • Orwin, J., 2004, Kauri: Witness to a Nation’s History, New Holland Publishers, Auckland.
  • O’Sullivan, D., 2007, Beyond Biculturalism: The Politics of an Indigenous Minority, Huia Publishers, Wellington.


  • Palmer, G. and M., 2004, Bridled Power: New Zealand’s Constitution and Government (4th edition), Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
  • Palmer, M., 2008, The Treaty of Waitangi in New Zealand’s Law and Constitution, Victoria University Press, Wellington.
  • Parkinson, P., 2006, ‘Preserved in the Archives of the Colony’: The English Drafts of the Treaty of Waitangi, New Zealand Association for Comparative Law/Revue Juridique Polynesienne Cahier, Special Monograph.
  • Patterson, J., 1992, Exploring Maori Values, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North.
  • Petrie, H., 2006, Chiefs of Industry: Māori Tribal Enterprise in Early Colonial New Zealand, Auckland University Press, Auckland.
  • Prickett, N., 2002, Landscapes of Conflict: A Field Guide to the New Zealand Wars, Random House, Auckland.
  • Pritchard, S., 1998, ‘Early Warning/Urgent Action Decision Concerning Australia from the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination’, Indigenous Law Bulletin, Vol. 4., No. 15.


  • Quentin-Baxter, A. (ed.), 1998, Recognising the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Institute of Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington.
  • Quentin-Baxter, R., 1980, ‘The Governor-General’s Constitutional Discretions: An Essay towards a Redefinition’, Victoria University of Wellington Law Review, Vol. 10.


  • Reed, A. (revised Kāretu, T. and Calman, R.), 2001, The Reed Concise Māori Dictionary (6th edition), Reed Books, Auckland.
  • ______ (revised Mikaera, B.), 2002, Taonga Tuku Iho: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Traditional Māori Life, Reed Books, Auckland.
  • ______ (revised Calman, R.), 2004, Reed Book of Māori Mythology, Reed Books, Auckland.
  • Renwick, W. (ed.), 1991, Sovereignty & Indigenous Rights: The Treaty of Waitangi in International Contexts, Victoria University Press, Wellington.
  • Rice, G., 1992, The Oxford History of New Zealand (2nd edition), Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • Riley, M., 1994, Māori Healing and Herbal: New Zealand Ethnobotanical Sourcebook, Viking SevenSeas N.Z., Paraparaumu.
  • Round, D., 1998, Truth or Treaty? Commonsense questions about the Treaty of Waitangi, Canterbury University Press, Christchurch.
  • Rowling, J., 2007, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Bloomsbury, London.
  • Rushdie, S., 1988, The Satanic Verses, Viking, London.


  • Salmond, A., 1991, Two Worlds: first meetings between Maori and Europeans 1642–1772, Viking, Auckland.
  • ______, 1997, Between Worlds: Early Exchanges Between Maori and Europeans 1773–1815, Viking, Auckland.
  • ______, 2004, Hui: A Study of Maori Ceremonial Gatherings (3rd edition), Reed Books, Auckland.
  • Sámi Parliamentarian Conference, 2005, Declaration from the First Sami Parliamentarian Conference.
  • Scoop, 2008, Reckoning Day for Indigenous Rights.
  • Scott, S., 1995, The Travesty of Waitangi: Towards Anarchy, The Campbell Press, Dunedin.
  • ______, 1996, Travesty After Travesty, Certes Press, Christchurch.
  • Selby, R., 1999, Still Being Punished, Huia Publishers, Wellington.
  • Sharp, A., 1997, Justice and the Māori: The Philosophy and Practice of Māori Claims in New Zealand since the 1970s (2nd edition), Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • ______ and McHugh, P. (eds.), 2001, Histories, Power and Loss: Uses of the Past—A New Zealand Commentary, Bridget Williams Books, Wellington.
  • Shaw, M., 2003, International Law (5th edition), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Shelton, D., 2005, Remedies in International Human Rights Law (2nd edition), Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Sinclair, K., 1988, A History of New Zealand (4th edition), Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Smith, L., 1999, Decolonising Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples, Zed Books/University of Otago Press, London/Dunedin.
  • Sneddon, P., 2005, Pakeha and the Treaty: why it’s our Treaty too, Random House, Auckland.
  • Spiller, P., Finn, J. and Boast, R., 1995, A New Zealand Legal History, Brookers, Wellington.
  • Spoonley, P., Macpherson, C. and Pearson, D. (eds.), 1984, Tauiwi, Racism and ethnicity in New Zealand, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North.
  • ______, 1991, Nga Take: Ethnic Relations and Racism in Aotearoa/New Zealand, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North.
  • ______, 1996, Nga Patai: Racism and Ethnic Relations in Aotearoa/New Zealand, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North.
  • ______, 2004, Tangata Tangata: The Changing Ethnic Contours of New Zealand, Thomson/Dunmore Press, Southbank, Victoria, Australia.
  • Statistics New Zealand, 2006, 2006 Census.
  • Stenson, M., 2004, The Treaty: Every New Zealander’s Guide to the Treaty of Waitangi, Random House, Auckland.
  • Stidsen, S. (ed.), 2007, The Indigenous World 2007, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA), Copenhagen.
  • Stone, R., 1982, The Young Logan Campbell, Auckland University Press, Auckland.
  • ______, 1987, The Father and His Gift: John Logan Campbell’s Later Years, Auckland University Press, Auckland.





  • Waitangi Associates.
  • Waitangi Tribunal, Waitangi Tribunal Reports.
  • Waitangi Tribunal, Judge Carrie Wainwright.
  • Walker, R., 2001, He Tipuna: The Life and Times of Sir Āpirana Ngata, Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • ______, 2004, Ka Whawhai Tonu Matou: Struggle Without End (revised edition), Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Ward, A., 1973, A Show of Justice: racial ‘amalgamation’ in the nineteenth century, Auckland University Press/Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • ______, 1999, An Unsettled History: Treaty Claims in New Zealand today, Bridget Williams Books, Wellington.
  • Wessendorf, K. (ed.), 2008, The Indigenous World 2008, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA), Copenhagen.
  • Williams, D., 1999, ‘Te Kooti tango whenua’: The Native Land Court 1864–1909, Huia, Wellington.
  • ______, 2002, ‘Honouring the Treaty of Waitangi—Are the Parties Measuring Up?’, eLaw|Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law, Vol. 9, No. 3.
  • ______, 2003, ‘Gold, The Case of Mines (1568) and the Waitangi Tribunal’, Australian Journal of Legal History, Volume 7, No. 2.
  • ______, 2004, ‘Myths, National Origins, Common Law and the Waitangi Tribunal’, eLaw|Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law, Vol. 11, No. 4.
  • ______, 2005, Personal Submission to the Constitutional Arrangements Committee.
  • ______, 2007, ‘The Treaty of Waitangi: A “Bridle” on Parliamentary Sovereignty’, New Zealand Universities Law Review, Vol. 22, No. 4, Brookers, Wellington.
  • Williams, H. (revised and augmented by the Advisory Committee on the Teaching of the Maori Language, Department of Education), 1971, Dictionary of the Maori Language (7th edition), Legislation Direct, Wellington.
  • Wolfe, R., 2005, Hell-hole of the Pacific, Penguin Books, Auckland.
  • Wood, G. and Rudd, C., 2004, The Politics and Government of New Zealand: robust innovative and challenged, Otago University Press, Dunedin.


  • Xanthaki, A., 2007, Indigenous Rights and United Nations Standards: Self-Determinations, Culture and Land, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


  • Zweigert, K. and Kötz, H. (translated by Weir, T.), 1998, An Introduction to Comparative Law (3rd edition), Oxford University Press, Oxford.